Q&A: Eat to Live!!!!

Do you wake up sluggish? Is your skin aging fast or do you experience breakouts? Do you find that you have mood swings that bring you from happy one day and put you in tears the next day? Is your weight up & down (like a yo-yo) from one week to the next? Do you get colds & the flu often?
eat to live
Most likely it is the foods you eat. Wellness begins with what you put in your mouth. It affects our energy level and mental performance and it plays a vital role in our emotional well being and mental states and important to maintain healthily weight (body composition). The wrong foods can affect your health negatively (cardiovascular disease, diabetes type 2, cancers, obesity and so on). Dr Linus Pauling (February 28, 1901- August 19, 1994), two times undivided Nobel Prize winner) says that every disease, sickness and illness can be trace to mineral deficiency.

Q: What is Nutrition?

A: Nutrition is the ongoing process by which an organism takes in and digests food and liquid for normal functioning, growth and maintenance of the human body. It is an ongoing process that maintains the balance between heath and disease. For the body to function properly and maintain optimum performance, proper nutrition is essential.

Q: What are the main nutrients (macronutrients) for human health?

A: Every cell in your body needs macronutrients, which are: protein, carbohydrate and fat. Also your cells need water.

Q: I’ve heard of the micronutrient; what is it?

A: It is the breaking down of the proteins, carbohydrate and fats you eat into vitamins and minerals to make your food’s nutrition accessible to your body cells.

Q: What is protein and how much is healthy for me?

A: Basically proteins are made up of long chains of amino acids necessary for repair. There are 22 different types of amino acid and the body needs all of them to function properly.

They are a vehicle for the chemical reactions in the body. They are also an important component of muscles and cells won’t function without them.

There are many forms of protein, which all play an important role in the function of the body. For example, collagen is a protein and is vital for the strength, elasticity and composition of our hair and skin.

The recommended serving of protein you need each day is 30% of your daily caloric intake in 2 to 3 servings a day. You can estimate your daily recommended servings of protein in grams to your weight in kilograms (for example, if you weight 76 kilos, then you need 76 grams of protein per day).

Sources of healthy proteins include: lean meats (red meet only once a week), eggs, protein powders (whey & pea (for vegans), soy beans and nuts.

Q: What are carbohydrates and how much is healthy for me?

A: Carbohydrates are sugars and starches which provide energy for you. There are two types of carbohydrates: simple and complex.

Simple carbohydrates are easily digested by your body. The body breaks them down to be used for energy, which is used up very quickly. They are also often found in processed, refined foods.

Complex carbs take longer for your body to digest and are most commonly found in plant-based food. Complex carbs are recommended for health.

The recommended serving of carbohydrates (complex) you need each day is 40% of your food intake (6 to 8 servings with 80% of it from vegetables).

Sources of healthy complex carbohydrates include: sprouted / spelt breads, whole grain oaks, sweet-potatoes, greens, tomatoes, cucumber, nuts and legumes (beans).

Q: What is nutritional fat and how much is healthy for me?

A: Fat is a nutrient. It is crucial for normal body function and without it you could not live. Not only does fat supply you with energy, it also makes it possible for other nutrients to do their jobs.

At room temperature, fats may be present in either liquid or solid form; this depends on their structure and composition. We tend to refer to fats which are liquid at room temperature as saturated fats.

Fats which are solid at room temperature are generally referred to as unsaturated fats. The word ‘lipids’ refers to both solid and liquid forms of fat.

Avoid man-made fats, called trans-fats (also known as partially hydrogenated oils). Consuming trans-fats raises your risk of developing coronary heart disease and stroke.

The recommended serving of fat you need each day is 30% of your food take (2 to 3 servings with 80% of it from unsaturated fat sources).

Some sources of fat are: unsaturated oils (olive oil, nuts, seeds fish oils and so on) and saturated oils (coconut oil and butter, to be taken in limited quantities).

Q: How much water do I need?

A: Water is the essential component of all life. It comprises 75% of the human body and 90% of blood. It is the building blocks of growth and healing energies; it disposes of waste and is constantly cooling, cleansing and purifying itself. Our bodies depend on water (as blood) as a transport system, to maintain our correct body temperature and to supply nutrients and electrical impulses. Dehydration is a common source of illness. Tea, coffee and alcohol all dehydrate the body. Therefore if we drink them, we need to drink more good water to compensate.

The recommended servings of water you need is 2 litres daily. Every 250 grams of a caffeinated or alcohol drink should be replaced with a 250-gram glass of water. With every 30 minutes of exercise, you need an extra 250 grams of water daily.

Source of water include: filter water, un-caffeinated herbal teas (peppermint, rosehip and so on).